English 50, Introduction to Creative Writing 

Spring 2013 (Last updated January 12, 2013) (NOTE: This syllabus is temporary until the first day of class.)

Instructor: Jim Manis E-mail: jdm12@.psu.edu

Office: Memorial Building, Room 105, Hazleton campus Phone: 450-3189 

Office Hours: Monday, Wednesday and Friday from from 2:00 p.m. to 2:50 p.m. and by appointment. 

Texts: The Best American Short Stories 2012. And two books from the reading list, see below.

Suggested text: a good college dictionary 

Exercises: http://www2.hn.psu.edu/faculty/jmanis/assign/e50x1.htm

On Library Reserve: Video tapes of contemporary poets and one short story writer reading their work. If you are serious about writing, these present an opportunity for you to listen to and view some of the best contemporary writers reading their work and talking about it. The library also contains many copies of audio tapes of writers reading and discussing their work. 

In this course students will read published material and produce material in two genres: poetry and the short story. We will read and discuss recently published material in each genre in order to familiarize ourselves with the latest work of publishable merit and to practice workshop techniques in approaching this material as well as our own. Then students will individually produce material for each genre to submit to the workshop for discussion. Finally, each student will submit a portfolio of revised material and an essay assigned by the instructor, at the end of the semester, for a final grade. 

The purpose of this course is to introduce student writers to the workshop method of instruction, provide the students with an opportunity to produce written work in two genres for review by their peers, introduce student writers to an audience of serious readers, and provide students with the opportunity to improve their writing. 

Grades:

Participation 50%: Much of this class is conducted as a workshop. You must participate daily in order to do average work to receive credit for participation. The quality of your participation and the seriousness of your comments are very important. To some extent, this is a competitive activity; however, you will be expected to conduct yourself in an adult manner, to behave orderly and with respect for the rights and views of others. In addition to attending classes, the student is expected to share his or her work with the class through a distribution of copies of that work and to speak in the class, both when the instructor calls upon the student and in a voluntary fashion. Also the student will be required to attend a conferences with the instructor, at which time the student will discuss an assigned text from the reading list attached to this document. Failure to follow this procedure will result in the student receiving a reduced grade for the course and may result in failure in the course. Generally, one letter grade is deducted for the overall course grade for failure to attend each conference. The conference should be held relatively early in the semester, and should be concluded before the end of the tenth week of the semester. If you are not prepared to participate in all of these procedures, drop the course immediately. 

Students are expected to arrive on time for the class and be prepared. All electronic devices must be turned off and put away. If a student needs to leave class early, he or she should notify the instructor in advance of the class. If a student leaves tghe classroom for any reason, he or she should not return to the classroom.

Portfolio 50%: An overall grade will be placed on the portfolio. Completeness is mandatory for the portfolio to receive a passing grade. While this course is introductory in nature and we do not expect students to be accomplished poets and short story writers, we do expect that evidence of some acquired skill be displayed in the work contained within the portfolio. Grammar, punctuation, spelling, paragraphing and other matters of polished work should be plainly within keeping with the ideals of standard edited American English (the "rules" laid out in the average composition handbook), and attempts at experimental writing and writing that attempts to suggest "spoken language" should be consistent and easily recognizable by the reader. The notion that creative writing is without rules is nonsensical, and the student should dispel him/herself of it immediately. Any notion that one writes only for him- or herself must be left outside the classroom. For our purposes, all writing is meant for communication to a reader. 

Total 100%

Notice that in addition to the written work, very considerable emphasis is placed upon participation. In order to participate you must attend class and be prepared for class. I will allow three absences without requiring an excuse. After three absences you will be required to provide a written excuse in order to be allowed to make up missed work, including missed participation. You may be required to do extra work before the class in order to improve your participation grade. Simply showing up for class and responding when called upon will not earn you more than a C grade at best in this critical area. DO NOT BE AFRAID OF TALKING. But be honest in your responses. Read all assigned material PRIOR to coming to class. 








Statement of Academic Integrity

Academic Integrity: All students are expected to act with civility, personal integrity; respect other students' dignity, rights and property; and help create and maintain an environment in which all can succeed through the fruits of their own efforts.  An environment of academic integrity is requisite to respect for self and others and a civil community. 

Academic integrity includes a commitment to not engage in or tolerate acts of falsification, misrepresentation or deception.  Such acts of dishonesty include cheating or copying, plagiarizing, submitting another persons' work as one's own, using Internet sources without citation, fabricating field data or citations, "ghosting" (taking or having another student take an exam), stealing examinations, tampering with the academic work of another student, facilitating other students' acts of academic dishonesty, etc. 

Academic dishonesty violates the fundamental ethical principles of the University community and compromises the worth of work completed by others.  A student should avoid academic dishonesty when preparing work for any class.   If charged with academic dishonesty, students will receive written or oral notice of the charge by the instructor.   Students who contest the charge should first seek resolution through discussion with the faculty member or the campus Director of Academic Affairs.  If the matter is not resolved, the student may request a hearing with the Commonwealth College Committee on Academic Integrity at the campus. 

Sanctions for breaches of academic integrity may range (depending on the severity of the offense) from F for the assignment to F for the course.   In severe cases of academic dishonesty, including, but not limited to, stealing exams or "ghosting" an exam, students may receive a grade of XF, a formal University disciplinary sanction that indicates on the student's transcript that failure in the course was due to a serious act of academic dishonesty.  The University's statement on Academic Integrity from which the above statement was drawn is available at:  http://www.psu.edu/dept/oue/aappm/G-9.html 

Disability Statement: Penn State is committed to providing access to a quality education for all students, including those with documented disabilities. If a student has a disability and wishes an accommodation for a course, it is the student's responsibility to obtain a University letter confirming the disability and suggesting appropriate accommodation. This letter can be requested from the campus Disability Contact Liaison, Jackie Walters, located in the Butler Teaching and Learning Resource Center (570-450-3005).

Agenda: (Only dates for which we will begin work are given; you may assume that we are still working on previous material during intervening dates. Please  be aware that these due dates may be subject to change for a variety of reasons, including inclement weather. Warning: No work will be accepted after the first day of the final exam week (always a Monday; for an assignment to be considered "turned in," it must be placed in the instructor's hands by the student.

Please Note: The following dates may be altered due to weather problems or other unforeseeable events. The final day of class, however, should remain the same. 

January 7: Introduction to course 

January 9: Discuss what makes a poem: each student responsible for one poem from Poetry. The student will read the poem aloud, and the class will discuss the poem. 

January 11: Exercises  

January 18: Each student responsible for turning in one original poem for class workshop, typed.

January 14: Begin workshop of student poems. Begin conferences on books of poems from library list. (All students must attend one conference, which must be completed before spring break. The earlier in the semester, the better.)

February 18: Begin discussion of prose. Students responsible for having read ALL short stories in The Best American Short Stories 2012.

February 27: Students responsible for turning in a draft of original short story.

March 3 – 9: Spring Break

March 11: Begin short story workshop. 

April 3:  Draft of report on one book of short stories chosen from the list below is due, typed.

April 26: Last day of class - Portfolios due first day of Final Exam Week (Monday, April 29, by 4:00 p.m.).








Portfolio

Your portfolio will constitute 50% of your grade; make certain it is complete. 

Your portfolio should contain the following materials: 



1. Six (6) original poems (typed on seperate pages) 

2. Original short story (2000-5000 words in length, typed and double-spaced) 

3. A report on a book of short stories  

Note: All prose needs to conform to the rules of standard edited written American English. For the most part, poetry needs to conform to these rules as well. 

Reader Response Format

Reader response, whether given orally or in writing, will follow the format below: 
1. What is it/what is it about? 
2. What do you like about it? 
3. What questions does it raise? 
4. What suggestions do you have? 


You will notice that the format is nonpejorative; that is, it does not ask the reader to find "fault" with a piece of writing, rather only to respond to it. This is true even when steps three and four are part of the format. It is not our intention to "put down" or "find fault" or in any other way to cast aspersions on a writer or a particular piece of writing. We consider all writing a form of discussion, and as such we are always giving and taking, constantly revising. 

In order to illustrate how this process works, I offer the following haiku poem by the Japanese poet, Buson: 

Before the white chrysanthemums 
the scissors hesitate 
for an instant.
  • I recognize this to be a haiku poem, although other readers not familiar with haiku may not. It is in three lines, provides a clear picture of the flowers and the scissors the moment before someone cuts them, that slight hesitation as the person waits one moment to enjoy the living flower in its natural state. It provides a distinct emotion of pleasure and that indefinable sense one has of mortality and beauty coupled in the decorative blossom; all of which suggests spiritual insight. It does not follow the precise syllabic requirement of haiku verse (5, 7 & 5); however, one might presume that it does in the original Japanese. 
  • The first thing I like about this poem is the word "chrysanthemums." The word itself is so lyrical as almost to be a poem, and I especially like the fact that the final syllable is so soft and at the same time prolonged. I cannot attest to its effect in Japanese, but in English it is especially effective. Because of the sound of the word, there is also a natural ceasura that causes the reader to hesitate at the end, just as there is with the word "hesitate." Each ceasura creates a natural place for a line break so that nature seems to be imitating art, as it were. Finally, and perhaps more importantly I like how the use of the two, and only two, precise, or real, images work to create the effect of a photograph. I see the white blossom and the blades of the scissors the moment before the green stem is cut. I sense the hesitation as if the that hesitation were coming from the scissors themselves. I am reminded of my own mortality and the perpetual change of the natural world and arts attempt to arrest this change. I see this all in a moment which Octavio Paz characterizes as incandescence; that is, as if someone were turning on a light, or perhaps opening the dark drapes to the morning sunlight, and for that moment time stands still and the revelation of my condition, my paradoxical state, comes into the clearest focus. 
  • The first questions that occurs to me is whether it is clear to all readers who is wielding the scissors or whether this needs to be made clear. I have no problem with this question; it is the poet, it is I. I also question whether the last line is as strong as it might be. I find it very weak in light of the other two and find the poem quite satisfactory in only its first two lines; however, the poem would not be a haiku without the third. This fact points out a problem with trying to satisfy formulaic poetry. Must the poem do so?
  • My only suggestion is to play with the final question above. I like the haiku, but I am not satisfied completely. This is the nature of all art and all discourse. Once one is completely satisfied, will there be a need for anything further?








English 50 Reading List 



Short Stories 

Abbott, Lee K. All Things All at Once. PS3551.B262 A79 2006.

Adrian, Chris. A Better Angel. PS3551.D75 B47 2008.

Amsterdam, Steven. Things We Didn't See Coming. PR9619.4.A49 T47 2009.

The Anchor Book of New American Short Stories
, ed. Ben Marcus. PS648.S5 A57 2004. 

Ansay, A. Manette. Read This and Tell Me What It Says. PS3551.N645 R43 1995. 

Bacon, Charlotte. A Private State. PS3552.A27 P7 1998. 

Bank, Melissa. The Wonder Spot. PS3552.A487 W66 2005.

Barnes, Julian. The Lemon Table. PR6052.A6657 LA46 2004. 

---. Pulse. PR6052.A6657 P85. 2011.

Bausch, Richard. Something Is Out There. PS3552.A846 S59 2010.

Baxter, Charles. Gryphon. PS3552.A854 G79 2011.

The Best American Short Stories. and The O. Henry Prize Winners. PZ1.B 
    (Start with latest year and work backward.) 

Beattie, Ann. Follies. PS3552.E177 F65 2005. 

---. What Was Mine. PS3552.E177 W38 1991. 

---. The Burning House. PS3552.E177 B8 1982. 

Bellamy, Joe David. Atomic Love. PS3552.E532 A94 1993. 

Bezmozgis, David. Natasha and other stories. PR9199.4.B495 N38 2004.

Bloom, Amy. Where the God of Love Hangs Out. PS3552.L6378 W47 2009.

Boyle, T. Corachessan. Wild Child. PS3552.O932 W53 2010.

Budnitz, Judy. Nice Big American Baby. PS3552.U3479 N53 2005. 

Burgin, Richard. Private Fame. PS3552.U717P7 1991. 

Carver, Raymond. Cathedral. PS3553.A7894 C3 1983.

Citkowitz, Evgenia. Ether. PS3603.I89 E75 2010.

D, Ramola. Temporary Lives. PS3554.H27 T46 2009.

DePew, Alfred. The Melancholy of Departure. PS3554.E1148 M45 1992. 

Doctorow, D. L. Sweet Land Stories. PS3554.O3 F58 2004. 

---. All the Time in the World. PS3554.O3 A79 2011.

Dorst, Doug. The Surf Guru. PS3604.O78 S87 2010.

Doyle, Roddy. The Deportees. PR6054.O95 D44 2008.

---. Bullfighting. PR6054.O95 B85 2011.

Drabble, Margaret. A Day in the Life of a Smiling Woman. PR6054.R25 D39 2011.

Driscoll, Jack. Wanting Only To Be Heard. PS3554.R496 W36 1992. 

Eggers, Dave. How We Are Hungry. PS3605.G48 H68 2004. 

Eisenberg, Deborah. The Collected Stories of Deborah Eisenberg. PS3555.I793 A6 2010. (Note: this text is 980 pages; for this assignment you only need to read one of the four sections that the book  is divided into.)

Ely, Scott. Overgrown with Love. PS3555.L94 093 1993. 

Erdrich, Louise. The Red Convertible. PS3555.R42 R44 2009.

Freed, Lynn. The Curse of the Appropriate Man. PR9369.3.F68 C87 2004. 

Fulton, Alice. The Nightingales of Troy. PS3556.U515 N54 2008.

Gilb, Dagoberto. The Magic of Blood. PS3557.I296 M3 1993. 

---. Before the End, after the Beginning. PS3557.I296 B44 2011.

Gordimer, Nadine. Beethoven Was One-Sixteenth Black and other stories. PR9369.3 B44 2007.

Gray, Amelia. Museum of the Weird. PS3607.R387 A84 2010.

Hagenston, Becky. A Gram of Mars. PS3558.A32316 G73 1998. 

Harleman, Ann. Happiness. PS3558.A624246 H36 1994. 

Heathcock, Alan. Volt. PS3608.E2835 V65 2011.

Hemon, Aleksandar. Love and Obstacles. PS3608.E48 L68 2009.

Horrocks, Caitlin. This Is Not Your City. PS3608.O7687 T48 2011.

Hughes, Mary-Beth. Double Happiness. PS3608.U34 D68 2010.

Jin, Ha. A Good Fall. PS3560.I6 G66 2009.

Keegan, Claire. Walk the Blue Fields. PR6061.E329 W35 2007.

Kennedy, A. L. What Becomes. PR6061.E5952 W43 2010.

Lahiri, Jhumpa. Unaccustomed Earth. PS3562.A316 U53 2008.

Lasdun, James. It's Beginning to Hurt. PR6062.A735 I87 2009.

Latiolais, Michelle. Widow. PS3562.A7585 W53 2011.

Lethem, Jonathan. Men and Cartoons. PS3562.E8544 M46 2004. 

Li, Yiyun. Gold Boy, Emerald Girl. PL2946.Y59 G65 2010.

Lyons, Daniel. The Last Good Man. PS3562.Y4483 L3 1993. 

Manfredi, Renee. Where Love Leaves Us. PS3563.A469 W48 1994. 

Martin, Valerie. The Unfinished Novel and Other Stories. PS3563.A7295 U54 2006.

Mattison, Alice. In Case We're Separated. PS3563.A8598 I5 2005. 

Mayo, C. M. Sky Over El Nido. PS3563.A96389 S59 1995. 

McElroy, Joseph. Night Soul and Other Stories. PS3563.A293 N54 2011.

McGarry, Jean. Ocean State. PS3563.C3636 O23 2010.

McGuane, Thomas. Gallatin Canyon. PS3563.A3113 G35 2006.

McInerney, Jay. How It Ended. PS3563.C3694 H69 2009.

McNally, T.M. Low Flying Aircraft. PS3563.C38816 L6 1991. 

Means, David. The Spot. PS3563.E195 S66 2010.

Meloy, Maile. Both Ways Is the Only Way I Want It. PS3613.E46 B68 2009.

Morrow, Bradford. The Uninnocent. PS3563.O8754 U48 2011.

Mueenuddin, Daniyal. In Other Rooms, Other Wonders. PR9540.9.M84 I52 2009.

Munro, Alice. Too Much Happiness. PR9199.3.M8 A6 2009.

Nelson, Antonya. Nothing Right. PS3564.E428 N68 2009.

Oates, Joyce Carol. Dear Husband,. PS3565.A8 D43 2009.

---. Give Me Your Heart. PS3565.A8 G58 2010.

---. Sourland. PS3565.A8 S68 2010.

O'Brien, Edna. Saints and Sinners. PR6065.B7 S35 2011.

Orozco, Daniel. Orientation. PS3615.R5883 O75 2011.

Packer, Ann. Swim Back to Me. PS3616.A33 S95 2011.

Pearlman, Edith. Binocular Vision. PS3566.E2187 B56 2011.

Pollock, Donald Ray. Knockemstiff. PS3616.O5694 K56 2008.

Porter, Andrew. The Theory of Light & Matter. PS3616.O75 T47 2008.

Proulx, Annie. Fine Just the Way It Is. PS3566.R697 F56  2008.

Ross, Adam. Ladies and Gentlemen. PS3618.O84515 L33 2011.

Schutt, Christine. A Day, A Night, Another Day, Summer. PS3569.C55555 D39 2005. 

Senna, Danzy. You Are Free. PS3569.E618 Y68 2011.

Silver, Marisa. Alone with You. PS3619.I55 A78 2010.

Spencer, Elizabeth. The Light in the Piazza and Other Italian Tales. PS3537.P4454 L54 1996.

Stone, Robert. Fun with Problems. PS3569.T6418 F86 2010.

Styron, William. The Suicide Run. PS3569.T9 S85 2009.

Tawfiq, Sahar. Points of the Compass. PJ7864.A478 A6 1995.

Taylor, Justin. Everything Here Is the Best Thing Ever. PS3620.A9466 E94 2010.

Taylor-Hall, Mary Ann. How She Knows What She Knows about Yo-Yos. PS3570.A983 H69 2000. 

Thompson, Jean. Throw Like a Girl. PS3570.H625 T47 2007.

---. Do Not Deny Me. PS3570.H625 D6 2009.

Tillman, Lynne. Someday This Will Be Funny. PS3570.I42 S66 2011.

Tower, Wells. Everything Ravaged, Everything Burned. PS3620.O927 E93 2009.

Trevor, William. A Bit on the Side. PR6070.R4 B57 2004.

Vonnegut, Kurt. Look at the Birdie. PS3572.O5 L66 2009.

Ward, Amanda Eyre. Love Stories in This Town. PS3623.A725 L68 2009.

Watson, Brad. Aliens in the Prime of Their Lives. PS3573.A45 2010.

Welch, Nancy. The Road from Prosperity. PS3623.E4625 R63 2005.

Wolff, Tobias. Our Story Begins: New and Selected Stories. PS3573.O558 O97 2008.








Poetry Reading List for Creative Writing 

A Gabriela Mistral Reader. Tr. Maria Giachetti (Jacketti). PQ8097.G6 A7 1993. 

Ai. Greed. PS3551.I2 G74 1993. 

Ammons, A. R. Uplands. PS3501.M6 U6 (1970).

---. Briefings: Poems Small and Easy. PS3501.M6 B7 (1971).

---. Diversifications. PS3501.M6 D5 (1975).

Angelou, Maya. Phenomenal Woman. PS3551.N464 P48 1994. 

---. Oh Pray My Wings Are Gonna Fit Me Well. PS3551.N464 05. 

---. And Still I Rise. PS3551.N64 A8. 

---. Just Give Me a Cool Drink of Water `fore I Diiie. PS3551.N464 J8. 

---. I Shall Not Be Moved. PS3551.N464 I17 1990.

Ashbery, John. Planisphere. PS3501.S475 P53 2009.

Baderoon, Gabeba. The Dream in the Next Body. PR9369.4 B33 D74 2005.

---. A Hundred Silences. PR9369.4 H86 2006.

Baker, David. Never-Ending Birds. PS3552.A4116 N48 2009.

Bang, Mary Jo. Elegy. PS3552.A47546 E55 2007.

---. The Bride of E. PS3552.A47546 B75 2009.

Barber, David. Wonder Cabinet. PS3552.A59194 W66 2006.

Barks, Coleman. Winter Sky: New and Selected Poems, 1968-2008. PS3552.A6717 W56 2008. (For the purposes of this course, students need read only pages 3-112 of this text.)

Barnes, Dick. A Word Like Fire. PS3552.A695 A6 2005. 

Barr, John. Grace. PS3552.A731837 G7 1999. 

Bell, Marvin. The Escape into You. PS3552.E52 E8 (1971).

---. A Probable Volume of Dreams. PS3552.E52 P7 (1969).

Belz, Aaron. Lovely, Raspberry. PS3602.E463 L68 2010.

Bendall, Molly. Dark Summer. PS3552.E5384 D3 1999. 

Bernard, April. PSALMS. PS3552.E7258 P78 1993. 

Bernstein, Charles. All the Whiskey in Heaven. PS3552.E7327 A75 2010. (Note:  For the purposes of this course, read 100 pages. You may skip around within the text to accomplish this.)

Bidart, Frank. Star Dust. PS3552.I33 S73 2005. 

Blevins, Adrian. Live from the Homesick Jamboree. PS3602.L475 L58 2009.

Blumenthal, Michael. And. PS3552.L849 A8 2009.

Bogen, Don. An Algebra. PS3552.O4337 A79 2009.

Boland, Eavan. In a Time of Violence. PR6052.035 I49 1994. 

Bonanno, Kathleen Sheeder. Slamming Open the Door. PS3602.O6562 S58 2009.

Bowen, Kevin. Playing Basketball with the Viet Cong. PS3552.0862 P57 1994. 

Bosselaar, Laure-Anne. Small Gods of Grief. PS3552.O772 S6 2001.

Bradley, John. You Don't Know What You Don't Know. PS3602.R3427 Y68 2010.

Braun, Henry. The Vergil Woods. PS3552.R35 V4 (1968).

Brehm, John. Sea of Faith. PS3602.R444 S43 2004.

Brouwer, Joel. Centuries. PS3552.R68245 C46 2003.

Brown, Beth. Lightyears. PS3552.B6835 L5 (1982).

Buccino, Anthony. American Boy:  Pushing Sixty. PS3552.U313 A81 2009.

Buck, Paula Closson. The Acquiescent Villa. PS3552.U3339 A65 1998.

Bukowski, Charles. The Continual Condition. PS3552.U4 C664 2009.

Burden, Jean. Taking Light from Each Other. PS3552.U7 T35 1992. 

Burkard, Michael. Entire Dilemma. PS3552.U718 E58 1998.

Butts, Anthony. Fifth Season. PS3552.U88 F54 1997. 

Campion, Peter. Other People. PS3603.A486 O86 2005. 

---. The Lions. PS3603.A486 L5 2009.

Canaday, John. The Invisible World. PS3603.A524 I58 2002.

Carlson, Michael. Cement Guitar. PS3603.A753 C46 2003.

Carson, Ciaran. First Language. PR6053.A714 F4 1994. 

Carter, Jared. After the Rain. PS3553.A7812 A69 1993. 

Castillo, Ana. My Father Was a Tolyec. PS3553.A8135 M9 1995. 

Chang, Victoria. Salvinia Molesta. PS3603.H3575 S25 2008.

Chiasson, Dan. Natural History. PS3603.H54 N38 2005. 

Chin, David. Chalked in Orange. PS3553.H488 C5 1993.

Chin, Marilyn. The Phoenix Gone, The Terrace Empty. PS3553.H48975 P48 2009.

Cisneros, Sandra. Loose Woman. PS3553.I78 L66 1994.

Clark, Amy M. Stray Home. PS3603.L35543 S77 2010.

Clewell, David. Now We're Getting Somewhere. PS3553.L42 N68 1994.

Clover, Joshua. The Totality for Kids. PS3553.L667 T68 2006.

Coalseam: Poems from the Anthracite Region. PS548.P4 C63 1993.

Cole, Henri. Blackbird and Wolf. PS3553.O4725 B57 2007.

---. Pierce the Skin: Selected Poems 1982-2007. PS3553.O4725 P54 2010. (Students shoul read pp. 3-99.)

Coles, Katharine. The Golden Years of the Fourth Dimension. PS3553.O47455 G6 2001.

Collins, Billy. The Trouble with Poetry. PS3553.O47478 T76 2005.

Conkling, Helen. Red Peony Night. PS3553.04897 R43 1997. 

Conoley, Gillian. Tall Stranger. PS3553.051446 T3 1991. 

Conran, Tony. What Brings You Here So Late? PR6053.O5 W48 2008.

Cooley, Nicole. The Afflicted Girls. PS3553.O5647 A37 2004.

Corn, Alfred. Contradictions. PS3553.O655 C67 2002.

Costanzo, Gerald. In the Aviary. PS3553.O762 I5 (1974).

Creely, Robert. Selected Poems, 1945-2005. PS3505.R43 A6 2008.

Cushman, Stephen. Blue Pajamas. PS3553.U745 B58 1998.

Dacey, Philip. Night Shift at the Crucifix Factory. 1991. PS3554.A23N54 1991. 

Daniels, Jim. M-80. PS3554.A5635 M15 1993. 

---. On the Line. PS3554.A5635 05.

Deagon, Ann. PS3554.E116 T5 (1978).

Deming, Alison Hawthorne. Science and other poems. PS3554.E474 S35 1994.

Dickey, James. The Whole Motion: Collected Poems 1945-92. PS3554.132 A17 1992 

---. Buckdancer's Choice. PS3554.I32 B8 (1965).

Dobyns, Stephen. Pallbearers Envying the One Who Rides. PS3554.O2 P35 1999. 

Dominguez, David. The Ghost of Cesar Chávez. PS3604.O46 G45 2010.

Donahaye, Jasmine. Self-Portrait as Ruth. PR6104.O53 S45 2009.

Dove, Rita. Mother Love. PS3554.O884 M68 1995.

Doxsee, Julie. Objects for a Fog Death. PS3604.O9545 O25 2010.

Drury, John. Burning the Aspern Papers. PS3554.R83 B87 2003. 

Dufault, Peter Kane. Looking in All Directions: Selected Poems 1954-2000. PS3507.U368 L66 2000. 

Dunn, Stephen. What Goes On:  Selected and New Poems 1995-2009. PS3554.U49 W47 2009. (For the purposes of this course, students should read pages 115-195.)

Espada, Martin. City of Coughing and Dead Radiators. PS3555.S53 C57 1993. 

Farley, Paul. The Atlantic Tunnel. PR6056.A675 A93 2010.

Fenton, Elyse. Clamor. PS3606.E58 C57 2010.

Flynn, Nick. Blind Huber. PS3556.L894 B55 2002.

Foust, Graham. A Mouth in California. PS3606.O845 M68 2009.

Freisinger, Randall R. Plato's Breath. PS3556.R3939 P58 1997. 

Fulton, Alice. Sensual Math. PS3556.U515S46 1995. 

Gander, Forrest. Lynchburg. PS3557.A47 L96 1993 

Garcia, Richard. The Flying Garcias. PS3557.A71122 F57 1993. 

Garfinkel, Patricia. Making the Skeleton Dance. PS3557.A7153 M3 2000.

Gaspar, Frank X. A Field Guide to the Heavens. PS3557.A8448 F54 1999. 

George, Faye. A Wound on Stone. PS3557.E482 W68 2001.

Gerstler, Amy. Dearest Creature. PS3557.E735 D43 2009.

Gewanter, David. In the Belly. PS3557.E897 I5 1997.

---. The Sleep of Reason. PS3557.E897 S57 2003.

Gibson, Becky Gould. Aphrodite's Daughter. PS3557.l1644 A86 2007.

Gilbert, Sandra M. Ghost Volcano.PS3557.I34227 G48 1995. 

Gildner, Gary. Clackamas. PS3557.I343 C5 1991. 

Glazer, Michele. It Is Hard to Look at What We Came to Think We'd Come to See. PS3557.L388 I85 1997. 

Glück, Louise. Averno. PS3557.L8 A96 2006. 

---. Vita Nova. PS3557.L8 V58 1999.

---. The House on Marshland. PS3557.L8 H6 (1975).

Gouirand, Rae. Open Winter. PS3623.W56 O64 2011.

Graham, Jorie. Overlord. PS3557.R214 O94 2005.

---. Sea Change. PS3557.R214 S43 2008.

Green, Melissa. The Squanicook Eclogues. PS3557.R37525 S68 2010.

Gregg, Linda. In the Middle Distance. PS3557.R433 I5 2006.

Guest, Paul. Notes for My Body Double. PS3607.U47 N68 2007.

---. The Index of Slightly Horrifying Knowledge. PS3607.U47 M9 2008.

Hacker, Marilyn. Winter Numbers. PS3558.A28 W56 1994. 

---. Selected Poems 1965-1990. PS3558.A28 A6 1994.

Hall, Joe. Pigafetta Is My Wife. PS3608.A547265 P54 2010.

Halme, Kathleen. Equipoise. PS3558.A3955 E69 1998. 

Harms, James. Modern Ocean. 1992. 

Hartman, Charles O. Island. PS3558.A7116 I84 2004. 

Hathaway, William. Churlsgrace. PS3558.A75 C48 1992. 

Hawthorne, Alison Deming. Science and Other Poems. PS3554.E474 S35 1994. 

Hayden, Robert. Collected Poems. PS3515.A17 1985. 

Hayen, William. Diana, Charles, & the Queen. PS3558.E85 D5 1996. 

Hayes, Terrance. Lighthead. PS3558.A8378 L54 2010.

Hazo, Samuel. The Past Won't Stay Behind You. PS3515.A9877 P36 1993. 

Healy, Tom. What the Right Hand Knows. PS3608.E25 W47 2009.

Herrera, Juan Felipe. Half of the World in Light:  New and Selected Poems. PS3558.E74 H36 2008. (Students should read pages 221-301 for the purposes of this course.)

Hess, David. Etched on Air. PS3558.E88 E8 (1965).

Hicok, Bob. Words for Empty and Words for Full. PS3558.I28 W67 2010.

Hilberry, Conrad. Sorting the Smoke. 1990. PS3558.I384S67 1990. 

Hill, Geoffrey. A Teatise of Civil Power. PR6015.I4735 T68 2007.

Hillman, Brenda. Practical Water. PS3558.I4526 P73 2009.

Hinsey, Ellen. The White Fire of Time. PS3558.I5469 W47 2002. 

Hirshfield, Jane. After. PS3558.I694 A69 2006.

Hix, H. L. Incident Light. PS3558.I88 I53 2009.

Hoagland, Tony. Unincorporated Persons in the Late Honda Dynasty. PS3558.O3355 U55 2010.

Holm, Bill. The Chain Letter of the Soul. PS3558.O3558 C47 2009. (Students should read pages 100-200 for the purposes of this course.)

Houlihan, Joan. The Us. PS3608.O85545 U8 2009.

Hughes, Langston, The Panther and the Lash. PS3515.U274 P3 (1967).

Ignatow, David. Against the Evidence. PS3517.G53 A6 1993.

Jess, Tyehimba. Leadbelly. PS3610.E874 L43 2005.

Johnston, Devin. Aversions. PS3610.0385 A94 2004. 

Jones, Rodney. Salvation Blues: Selected and New Poems. PS3560.O5263 S25 2006. (For the purposes of this course, students need to read only pages 175 - 244.)

Karr, Mary. Sinners Welcome. PS3561.A6929 S57 2006.

Kenvin, Natalie. Bruise Theory. PS3561.E548 B78 1995. 

Keenan, Deborah. Good Heart. PS3561.E36 G66 2003.

Kinnell, Galway. Selected Poems. PS3521.I582 A6 1982.

---. Strong Is Your Hold. PS3521.I582 S77 2006.

Kinsella, John. The New Arcadia. PR9619.3 .K55 N49 2005.

Kinzie, Mary. Drift. PS3561.I59 D74 2005.

Kleinzahler, August. Sleeping It Off in Rapid City. PS3561.L38285 S57 2009.

Knox, Caroline. A Breaker: New and Selected Poems. PS3561.N686 B43 2002.

Koch, Kenneth. Days & Nights. PS3521.O27 D3 1982.

Komunyakaa, Yusef. Warhorses. PS3561.O455 W37 2008.

Kooser, Ted. Flying at Night. PS3561.O6 A6 2005.

Kroll, Judith. In the Temperate Zone. PS3561.R58 I5 (1973).

Kumin, Maxine. The Retrieval System. PS3521.U638 R4 1978b.

Langer, James. Gun Dogs. PR9199.4.L36 G86 2009.

Larsen, Lance. Erasable Walls. PS3562.A738 E73 1998.

Lemon, Alex. Fancy Beasts. PS3612.E468 F36 2010.

Lerner, Ben. Mean Free Path. PS3612.E68 M43 2010.

Levin, Phillis. May Day. PS3562.E88966 M39 2008.

Levine, Julia B. Practicing for Heaven. PS3562.E88985 P73 1999.

Levine, Philip. News of the World. PS3562.E9 N48 2009.

Levis, Larry. Elegy. PS3562.E922 E44 1997. 

Lindsay, Sarah. Twigs & Knucklebones. PS3562.I51192 T85 2008.

Lockward, Diane. Eve's Red Dress. PS3612.O2594 E94 2003. 

Logan, William. Night Battle. PS3562.O449 N54 1999. 

---. The Whispering Gallery. PS3562.O449 W48 2005. 

---. Strange Flesh. PS3562.O449 S77 2008.

Longenbach, James. Threshold. PS3562.O4967 T48 1998.

MacLeish, Archibald. "The Wild Old Wicked Man" & Other Poems. PS3525.A27 W5 (1968).

Maio, Samuel, The Burning of Los Angeles. PS3563.A384 B87 1996 

Manning, Maurice. The Common Man. PS3613.A5654 C65 2010.

Martin, Chris. Becoming Weather. PS3613.A77785 B43 2011.

Martinez, Dionisio D. Bad Alchemy. PS3563.A733334 B33 1995. 

Matejka, Adrian. Mixology. PS3613.A825 M59 2009.

Matthews, Jack. An Almanac for Twilight. PS3563.A85 A75 1966.

Matthews, William. Search Party. PS3563.A855 A17 2004.  (Note: For the purposes of this course, students should read pages 189-255).

Matthias, John. Trigons. PS3563.A858 T75 2010.

McClatchy, J. D. Mercury Dressing. PS3563.A26123 M47 2009.

McHugh, Heather. Hinge & Sign. PS3563.A311614 H56 1994.

---. Upgraded to Serious. PS3563.A311614 U64 2009.

McCallum, Shara. Song of Thieves. PS3563.C33446 S56 2003. 

Merwin, W. S. The Lice. PS3563. E75 L5 (1967). (Note:  This book is a misprint, with 18 pages missing.)

Miller, Leslie Adrienne. Staying Up for Love. PS3563.I4137 S7 1990.

Miller, Vassar. Onions and Roses. PS3525.I5635 O 5 (1968).

Minnis, Chelsey. Poemland. PS3613.I654 P64 2009.

Minty, Judith. Dancing the Fault. PS3563.I48 D3 1991.

Mlinko, Ange. Shoulder Season. PS3563.L58 S56 2010.

Moffett, Judith. Keeping Time. PS3563.O29 K4 (1976).

Molesworth, Charles. Common Elegies. PS3563.O47 C6 (1977).

Monson, Ander. The Available World. PS3613.O538 A93 2010.

Moore, Marianne. Tell Me, Tell Me. PS3525.O 5616 T4 (1967).

Morgan, Frederick. The One Abiding. PS3563.O83 O54 2003. 

Neruda, Pablo. Seaquake. Bi-lingual translation. PQ8097.N4 M3613 1993. 

---. Neruda's Garden: An Anthology of Odes. Bi-lingual translation. PQ8097.N4 A6 1995. 

Newman, Amy. Camera Lyrica. PS3564.E9148 C36 1999.

Nezhukumatathil, Aimee. Miracle Fruit. PS3564.E995 M57 2003. 

Northrop, Kate. Things Are Disappearing Here. PS3614.O78 T47 2007.

Nurkse, D. The Fall. PS3564.U76 F35 2002.

O, Marsha de la. Black Hope. PS3554.E1142 B53 1997. 

Ochester, Ed. Dancing on the Edges of Knives. PS3565.C48 D3 (1973).

Olds, Sharon. The Unswept Room. PS3565.L34 U57 2002.

---. One Secret Thing. PS3565.L34 O54 2008.

Oliver, Mary. Dream Work. PS3565.L5 D74 1986.

Paley,  Grace. Fidelity. PS3566.A46 F53 2008.

Parini, Jay. Anthracite Country. PS3566.A65 A85 (1982).

Paston, Linda. An Early Afterlife. PS3566.A775 E27 1995.

---. The Last Uncle. PS3566.A775 L37 2002.

Pavlich, Walter. Running Near the End of the World. 1992. PS3566.A88R81992. 

Peacock, Molly. Original Love. PS3566.E15 O75 1995. 

Perillo, Lucia. The Oldest Map with the Name America. PS3566.E69146 O43 1999. 

Pescroff, Joyce. A Dog in the Lifeboat. PS3566.E737 H6 1991. 

---. Eastern Mountain Time. PS3566.E737 E27 2006. 

Peseroff, Joyce. The Hardness Scale. PS3566.E737 H3 (1977).

Petersen, Donald. Early and Late. PS3566.E76 E2 2001.

Petrosky, Anthony. Red and Yellow Boat. PS3566.E858 R43 1994. 

---.  Jurgis Petraskas. PS3566.E858 J8 1983.

Phillips, Lance. These Indicium Tales. PS3616.H46 T47 2010.

Pollitt, Katha. The Mind-Body Problem. PS3566.O533 M56 2009.

Ponsot, Marie. Easy. PS3531.O49 E37 2009.

Powell, D. A., Chronic. PS3566.O828 C47 2009.

Powell, Dannye Romine. At Every Wedding Someone Stays Home. S3566.08267 A93 1994. 

Prufer, Kevin. Strange Wood. PS3566.R814 S7 1997.

Pugh, Christina. Rotary. PS3616.U35 R68 2004. 

Raab, Lawrence. What We Don't Know about Each Other. PS3568.A2 W47 1993.

---. The History of Forgetting. PS3568.A2 H57 2009.

Ramsey, Jarold. Love in an Earthquake. PS3568.A46 L6 (1973).

Rankin, Paula. Divorce: A Romance. PS3568.A499 D5 1991. 

Rash, Ron. Raising the Dead. PS3568.A698 R35 2002. 

Rattee, Michael. Falling off the Bicycle Forever. PS3568.A779 F35 2010.

Rectenwald, Michael. The Eros of the Baby Boom Eras. PS3568.E285 E76 1991.

Revell, Donald. My Mojave. PS3568.E793 M9 2003. 

---. A Theif of Strings. PS3568.E793 T46 2007.

---. The Bitter Withy. PS3568.E793 B58 2009.

Reynolds, Rebecca. Daughter of the Hangnail. PS3568.E897 D38 1997.

Ríos, Alberto. The Dangerous Shirt. PS3568.I587 D36 2009.

Robbins, Richard. Other Americas. PS3618.O31524 O75 2010.

Roberts, Katrina. Underdog. PS3568.O23875 U63 2011.

Roberts, Len. Counting the Black Angels. PS3568. 1994. 

---. The Trouble-Making Finch. PS3568.02389 T76 1998. 

---. Dangerous Angels: Poems. PS3568.O2389 D36 1993.

---. Learning about the Heart: Poems. PS3568.O2389 L43 1992.

---. Black Wings: Poems. PS3568.O2389 B5 1989.

---. Sweet Ones: Poems. PS3568.O2389 S94 1988.

---. From the Dark: Poems. PS3568.O2389 F7 1984.

Robertson, Lisa. Lisa Robertson's Magenta Soul Whip. PR9199.3.R5316 L57 2009.

Roripaugh, Lee Ann. Beyond Heart Mountain. PS3568.0717B4 1999. 

Rosenberg, Liz. Children of Paradise. PS3568.07874 C45 1993. 

Rohrer, Matthew. A Hummock in the Malookas. PS3568.052 H86 1995. 

Rukeyser, Muriel. Out of Silence. PS3535.U4 075 1992. 

Reynolds, Rebecca. Daughter of the Hangnail. PS3568.E897 D38 1997. 

Schneeman, Elio. Along the Rails. PS3569.C524 A46 1991.

Scott, Herbert. Sleeping Woman. PS3569.C624 S59 2005. 

Sexton, Anne. All My Pretty Ones. PS3537.E915 A76 1962. 

Sexton, Elaine. Sleuth. PS3619.E98 S58 2003.

Seyburn, Patty. Hilarity. PS3569.E88637 H54 2009.

Shange, Ntozake. A Daughter's Geography. PS3569.H3324 D3 1983. 

Shapiro, David. The Page-Turner. PS3569.H34 P3. 

Sheehan, Julie. Bar Book. PS3619.H44 B37 2010.

Simic, Charles. My Noiseless Entourage. PS3569.I4725 M9 2005. 

---. Master of Disguises. PS3569.I4725.M37 2010.

Skoog, Ed. Mister Skylight. PS3619.K66 M57 2009.

Skoyles, John. Permanent Change. PS3569.K69 P4 1991. 

Slate, Ron. The Great Wave. PS3619.L365 G73 2009.

Slavitt, David R. Crossroads. PS3569.L3 C7 1994. 

---. PS3569.L3. PS3569.L3 1998. (Note:  The title of the book is also the call number.)

---. The Seven Deadly Sins and other poems. PS3569.L3 S48 2009.

Smith, Bruce. Devotions. PS3569.M512 D48 2011.

Smith, David. Dream Flights. PS3569.M5173 D7 (1981).

Smith, Patti. Early Work 1970-79. PS3569.M53787 A6 1994. 

Snodgrass, W. D. Not for Specialists: New and Selected Poems. PS3537.N32 N68 2006. (For the purposes of this course, students need to read only pages 163 - 243.)

Snyder, Gary. Regarding Wave. PS3569.N88 R4 (1970).

---. Turtle Island. PS3569.N88 T8 (1974).

Solie, Karen. Pigeon. PR9199.4.S695 P54 2009.

Song, Cathy. Cloud Moving Hands. PS3569.O6539 C58 2007.

Sorby, Angela. Distance Learning. PS3569.O667 D57 1998.

Soto, Gary. Human Nature. PS3569.O72 H86 2010.

Southwick, Marcia. Why the River Disappears. PS3569.083 W49 1990. 

Spires, Elizabeth. Worldling. PS3569.P554 W67 1995.

Stephenson, Shelby. Family Matters: Homage to July, The Slave Girl. PS3569.T38684 F36 2008.

Stern, Gerald. Paradise Poems. PS3569.T3888 P37 1984. 

---. Two Long Poems. PS3569.T3888 A6 1990. 

---. Odd Mercy. PS3569.T3888 O83 1995. 

---. Save the Last Dance. PS3569.T3888 S28 2008.

Stewart, Susan. Columbarium. PS3569.T474 C65 2003.

---. Yellow Stars and Ice. PS3569.T474 Y4 (1981).

Stokes, Terry. Natural Disasters. PS3569.T622 N3 (1971).

Stone, John. The Smell of Matches. PS3569.T6413 S6 (1972).

Svoboda, Terese. Laughing Africa. 1990. PS3569.V6L3 1990. 

Szybist, Mary. Granted. PS3619.Z93 G73 2003.

Terrill, Richard. Almost Dark. PS3620.E767 A79 2010.

Terris, Susan. Curved Space. PS3570.E6937 C87 1998.

Van Winckel, Nance. After a Spell. PS3572.A546 A69 1998. 

---. Beside Ourselves. PS3572.A546 B47 2003. 

Voigt, Ellen Bryant. Kyrie. PS3572.O34 K97 1995. 

Wagoner, David. Good Morning and Good Night. PS3545.A34 G66 2005. 

Wakoski, Diane. The Diamond Dog. PS3573.A42 D43 2010.

Walcott, Derek. White Egrets. PR9272.9.W3 W49 2010.

Walker, Alice. Her blue body everything we know; earthling poems, 1965-1990. 1991. PS3573.A425H47 1991. 

Wanek, Connie. Hartley Field. PS3573.A47686 H37 2002. 

---. On Speaking Terms. PS3573.A47686 O5 2010.

Warren, Robert Penn. Incarnations:  Poems 1966-1968. PS3545.A748 I5 (1968).

Waters, Michael. Partheonopi. PS3573.A818 P37 2001. 

Webb, Charles Harper. Liver. PS3573.E194 L58 1999.

Wetzsteon, Rachel. Silver Roses. PS3573.E945 S55 2010.

Wilbur, Richard. Collected Poems 1943 - 2004. PS3545.I32165 A6 2004. (For the purposes of this course, you need to read only the first 73 pages of this book.)

Williams, C. K. The Singing. PS3573.I4483 S56 2003. 

---. A Dream of Mind. PS3573.I4483 D74 1992.

---. Tar. PS3573.I4483 T3 1983B.

Williamson, Alan. Res Publica. PS3573.I45623 R4 1998.

Wiman, Christian. Every Riven Thing. PS3573.I47843 E84 2011.

Winters, Anne. The Displaced of Capital. PS3573.I539 D57 2004. 

Wood, Renate. Raised Underground. PS3573.0597 R3 1991. 

Wormser, Baron. Mulroney & Others. PS3573.0693 M84 2000. 

Wright, C. D. One with Others. PS3573.R497 O58 2010. (Note: This book is only for persons very serious about writing poetry.)

Wright, Charles. Sestets. PS3573.R52 S47 2009.

Wright, Franz. Walking to Martha's Vineyard. PS3573.R5327 W3 2003. 

---. Wheeling Motel. PS3573.R5327 W54 2009.

Wrigley, Robert. Reign of Snakes. PS3573.R58 R45 1999. 

Yakich, Mark. Unrelated Individuals Forming a Group Waiting to Cross. PS3625.A38 U57 2004. 

Yang, Jeffrey. An Aquarium. PS3625.A6678 A87 2008.

Yau, John. Borrowed Love Poems. PS2575.A9 B67 2002.

Young, C. Dale. Torn. PS3625.O96 T67 2011.

Young, Dean. Elegy on Toy Piano. PS3575.O782 E44 2005. 

Young, Gary, Braver Deeds. PS3575.O785 B7 1999. (Prose poems)

Young, Kevin. For the Confederate Dead. PS3575.O798 F67 2007.

---. Dear Darkness. PS3575.O798 D43 2008. (For the purposes of this course, students should read pp. 105 - 196.)

Zimmer, Paul. Big Blue Train. PS3576.I47 B54 1993.

Zucker, Rachel. Museum of Accidents. PS3626.U26 MB7 2009.

Zweig, Martha. What Kind. PS3576.W37 W47 2003.








Additional Prose Reading List for Creative Writing 




Burroway, Janet. Writing Fiction. 1992. PN3355.B79 1992 (Essays on writing) 

Doctorow, E. L. Creationists. PS3554.O3 C74 2006. (Short essays on various creative persons throughout history.)

Dunn, Stephen. Walking Light. PS3554.U49 W34 1993. (Essays by the poet on poetry & memoirs) 

Friedman, Bonnie. Writing Past Dark. PN171.F75 1993 (Essays on writing) 

Harvey, Steven. A Geometry of Lilies. PS3558.A7195 Z467 1993 (Essays) 

Huddle, David. The Writing Habit. PN151.H78 1994 (Essays on writing: excellent selection!) 

Kundera, Milan. The Art of the Novel. 1988. PN3453.K8613 1988(Important essay on novel writing) 

Logan, William. Our Savage Art:  Poetry and the Civil Tongue. PS323.5.L644 2009. (Not for the faint of heart:  a collection of poetry reviews, along with an interview with the poet/critic at the end. Best for those who are most serious about poetry.)

McKain, David. Spellbound: Growing Up in God's Country. PS3563.A3133 Z475 1994 (Memoir about growing up in PA,    reads like short stories) 

Mairs, Nancy. Mortal Acts. (Autobiographical essays) 

Merwin, W. S. Unframed Originals. PS3563.E75 Z476 1982. (Autobiographical essays) 

Oliver, Mary. A Poetry Handbook. PE1505.035 1994 (Exceptional book on prosody and writing in general)

Raab, Diana M. Ed. Writers and Their Notebooks. PS129.W738 2010 (Excellent collection of essays by writers on keeping journals of various sorts; full of very good advice for beginning writers.)

Schwartz, Delmore. The Ego Is Always at the Wheel. PS3537.C79 E4 1986 (Essays) 

Welty, Eudora. One Writer's Beginnings. PS3545.E6 Z475 1984 (Essays) 








109
O, never say that I was false of heart, 
Though absence seem'd my flame to qualify. 
As easy might I from myself depart 
As from my soul, which in thy breast doth lie: 
That is my home of love: if I have ranged, 
Like him that travels I return again, 
Just to the time, not with the time exchanged, 
So that myself bring water for my stain. 
Never believe, though in my nature reign'd 
All frailties that besiege all kinds of blood, 
That it could so preposterously be stain'd, 
To leave for nothing all thy sum of good; 
For nothing this wide universe I call, 
Save thou, my rose; in it thou art my all. 



— Shakespeare 



After-Glow

The dusk of evening comes on. Earlier a little rain 
had fallen. You open a drawer and find inside 
the man's photograph, knowing he has only two years 
to live. He doesn't know this, of course, 
that's why he can mug for the camera. 
How could he know what's taking root in his head 
at that moment? If one looks to the right 
through boughs and tree trunks, there can be seen 
crimson patches of the after-glow. No shadows, no 
half-shadows. It is still and damp…. 
The man goes on mugging. I put the picture back 
in its place along with the others and give 
my attention instead to the after-glow along the far ridge, 
light golden on the roses in the garden. 
Then, I can't help myself, I glance once more 
at the picture. The wink, the broad smile, 
the jaunty slant of the cigarette. 




— Raymond Carver 
(example of a minimalist American poem)